Posts Tagged ‘ Java ’

Webbit + SiteMesh = …. well, Webbit and SiteMesh

SiteMesh is now available for Webbit Server:

Tutorial here:

New QDox lead – Robert Scholte

I’d like to announce the new lead for QDox, Robert Scholte.

Anyone who’s been following the project for the past year would have seen that Robert has made a tremendous number of contributions to all areas of QDox, including bug fixes, build, docs/website, releasing, user support and admin. If you follow the project further back, you’ll see that Robert has actually done more on the project in the past year than was done for the combined 6 years before that…. impressive.

I originally wrote QDox back in 2002, as a stop gap until annotations were added to the Java language. It was quickly picked up tools such as XDoclet. I always thought (and hoped) that once annotations made it into the language, it would be redundant. Yet it lived on. Unlike the JDK Annotation Processing Tool (APT), it could process source code rather than byte code in a simpler and faster manner. And it provided access to information that the JDK didn’t make available (e.g. parameter names). And it was useful where annotations still did not exist, like in JavaME. So, even in 2010, it still lives on and is used in tools such as Maven and Eclipse. But I cannot invest the time into it that I once could.

Given Robert’s commitment to the project, I can think of no better person to lead the project. He’s done an astounding job. Robert has kindly accepted this role and I’m delighted to hand it over to him.

I’d also like to use this opportunity to thank Paul Hammant, Mauro Talevi and Dennis Lundberg for their ongoing efforts on the project.

Running SiteMesh on AppEngine

Does SiteMesh work on Google AppEngine (Java preview)?

Short answer: Yes.

Longer answer: Yes. It does. So long as you check 2 things…

1. Upgrade

You need SiteMesh version 2.4.2 or greater. Earlier versions do not support AppEngine.

Download here

2. Disable static file serving

If you want decorators to be applied to static content (e.g. to .html files), the following needs to be added to WEB-INF/appengine-web.xml:

  <exclude path="**"/> 

This forces the static resources to be served by the Servlet engine, rather than a separate static web-server. Without this, the files served by the static web server will not be decorated.

Happy AppEngining.

SiteMesh 2.4 released

After a long wait, SiteMesh 2.4 has just been released.

This mostly consists of minor bug fixes and improvements.

Qt, now a viable option for Java

Today it was announced that Qt would be made available under the LGPL license. Qt is well known in the Linux community thanks to KDE, but Qt based applications run very well on Windows and OS X, as well as many embedded platforms such as WinCE and S60.

I’m a closet Qt fan, because:

  • It has a clean OO programming model. Simple, extensible, yet not over the top.
  • It has easy to use bindings for a wide variety languages, including C++, Java, Python, Ruby, Perl, PHP, and C#.
  • It’s mature with a rich set of widgets. Including typical windowing components, a WebKit based browser, media playback, OpenGL, etc.
  • The resulting apps look good, feel fast and fit in with the native platform.
  • It’s very extensible/flexible.

Of course, on each of those points alone there are other frameworks that can beat Qt – it’s the combination of all of these that makes it so compelling.

Oh yeah, Java…

Jambi is the Qt binding layer for Java. It’s actually been very well thought out, allowing you to use pretty much any of the functionality in the C++ layer, with a simple Java API and set of conventions. It also includes bindings allowing Qt and Swing components to seamlessly co-exist in the same UI.

There are parts of the Qt Java API that make me cringe slightly (namely using reflection for event callbacks), but overall the benefits outweigh these – I’ll just have to get over the cringey bits and live with them.

I’ve used Swing and SWT extensively on some big (and small) projects. I’ve only dabbled with Qt, but from that I’ve been productive very quickly and built some solid UIs in little time. The reason why I’ve previously chosen not to use it on ‘real projects’ was due to licensing. Now that it’s LGPL, that changes everything.

If I were to start a new project tomorrow and needed a serious Java UI, Qt would be my first choice.

Ok, that wasn’t really a convincing argument. How about checking out:

Creative uses of Hamcrest matchers

The matcher API of Hamcrest is typically associated with assertThat() or mocks. I always knew other people would find good uses for it, but I never really knew what.

I particularly like these:

Collection processing

Håkan Råberg blogged about how Hamcrest can be used with iterators:

List<Integer> numbers = Arrays.asList(-1, 0, 1, 2);
List<Integer> positiveNumbers = detect(numbers, greaterThan(0)));

List<String> words = Arrays.asList("cheese", "lemon", "spoon");
List<String> wordsWithoutE = reject(words, containingString("e"));

Nothing rocket-sciencey about it. But simple and useful because it reduces boilerplate code and get to use the ever growing library of Hamcrest matchers.

On top of that, combining Hamcrest with a CGLib generated proxy, he has built a staticly typed query API:

List<Person> employees = ...;
List<Integer> allAges
= collect(from(employees).getAge());
List<Person> allBosses
= collect(from(employees).getDepartment().getBoss());
List<Person> allAccountants
= select(from(employees).getDepartment().getName(),

This is nice alternative to a string based query language as you get your IDE completions, refactoring, compile time checking etc, without the noise of boilerplate code.

Web testing

Robert Chatley has taken some of the concepts of his LiFT framework and reimplemented them using Hamcrest and WebDriver for performing web testing.

public void testHasLotsOfLinks() {
assertPresenceOf(greaterThan(15), links());
assertPresenceOf(atLeast(1), link().with(text(containingString("Sign in"))));

clickOn(link().with(text(containingString("Sign in"))));
assertPresenceOf(exactly(1), title().with(text(equalTo("Sign in page"))));

Now initially this seems a bit wordy and strange. Robert has designed this as a literate API. If you adjust the syntax highlighting of your API and make the Java keywords and syntax less visible, you get this:

goTo "http://some/url"
assertPresenceOf greaterThan 15 links
assertPresenceOf atLeast 1 link with text containingString "Sign in"

clickOn link with text containingString "Sign in"
assertPresenceOf exactly 1 title with text equalTo "Sign in page"

The motivation here is that the API usage is self documenting and could be useful to non-programmers. The flip-side to this is that it’s actually quite hard to write APIs like this and the usage can take quite a bit of getting used to.

Robert also introduced a Finder interface (the link() and title() methods return Finder implementations). This allows you to factor out your own UI specific components:

assertPresenceOf(atLeast(1), signInLink());
blogLink().with(urlParameter("name", containingString("joe"))));

This is the bit I really like.

Allowing abstractions of components and matching rules to be combined in many different ways, so tests can check exactly what they need to, resulting in reduced less brittle tests that are easier to maintain.

Other uses

As I hear of other uses I’m listing them on the Hamcrest wiki.

When it goes bad

Of course, like any technology, it’s easy to get carried away.

Here’s an example of Hamcrest gone bad:

assertThat(myNumber, anyOf(equalTo(0), allOf(greaterThan(5), lessThan(10))));

I’m not a LISP programmer, so I find that really hard to understand. Just because we have an assertTHAT() method, we don’t have to use it all the time. In this case it’s much simpler to use plain old assertTRUE():

assertTrue("myNumber should be 0 or between 5 and 10",
myNumber == 0 || (myNumber > 5 && myNumber < 10));

Even though the non-Matcher version is longer (it could be shortened by leaving out the message and using a shorter variable name, but that would make it harder to understand), I find it much easier to understand.

But, what if you actually needed to use a matcher (e.g. for the web testing or collection processing examples above)?

One approach is you could use higher level matcher that are composed of other matchers:

matcher = anyOf(equalTo(0), allOf(greaterThan(5), lessThan(10)))
// simplifies to
matcher = anyOf(equalTo(0), between(5, 10))

Complete tangent: An alternative to between(5, 10) is between(5).and(10). The latter makes for more literate code, but is harder to implement – again a design tradeoff.

Another approach is to create a one-off anonymous matcher implementation:

matcher = new CustomMatcher() {
public boolean matchesSafely(Integer n) {
return n == 0 || (n > 5 && n < 10);

What are you doing with Hamcrest?


  1. JUnit 4.4 now comes with Hamcrest and assertThat().

Hamcrest 1.1 released


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